Civil Rights Law is a broad spectrum of legal area covering the rights of an individual, specifically their First, Fourth, and Fourteenth Amendment Rights and their Rights under the Civil Rights Act.
Under the First Amendment, you have the right to speak your mind without fear of punishment or reprisal and to associate with whom you want. If you are being disciplined for your speech or associations you may have a legal claim.
If you are facing discipline at school or your public job, you have the right to know the allegations against you, an opportunity to respond to those allegations, and possibly the right to a hearing before discipline is taken.
If you are arrested without probable cause, you also may be entitled to legal relief pursuant to the Fourth Amendment. There must be some legitimate basis for your arrest without a warrant. If arrested with a warrant, the warrant must be properly issued.
The Civil Rights Act precludes discrimination based on your race, religion, national origin, gender, sex, age, or sexual orientation. You may not be disciplined or harassed based on any of these categories. You also cannot be retaliated against for raising a claim of Discrimination.